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Community Assessment and Evaluation

  1. Community Assessment and Evaluation



The concept of community as client and partner in healthcare helps to generate ideas that create healthier communities. Community practice nurses work with communities to bring about health-

promoting changes. For making substantial changes, community assessment and is used extensively.


Community Assessment Data I

Community Assessment data includes:

  • Population
  • Birth and death rate
  • Unemployment
  • Personal income levels
  • Number of people living in poverty
  • Number of families who own their house
  • Number of families living in rented houses
  • And so on


Community Assessment Data II

Community Healthcare Nurses collect data by employing one or more of the following methods:

  • Informant Interview
  • Participant observation
  • Windshield survey
  • Secondary analysis of existing information


Informant Interview

A discussion with selected members of the community such as active parents, members of minority groups, a church deacon, and others.


Participant Observation

Living in a community and participating in the venous community activities gives direct

and reliable information about the community.


Windshield Survey

An extensive survey of a community’s locality. Various aspects such as service centers, signs of decay, ethnicity, transportation, and housing and zoning are surveyed.


Secondary Analysis of Existing Information

Analyzing the data that is already available about the community.


Evaluation I

Community Assessment helps nurses understand the problems faced by individuals and families. Nurses also evaluate the resources available in the community and use them to solve their clients’ problems.

Evaluation II

Evaluation is the appraisal of the organized health activity or program. Evaluation involves assessing progress by comparing the objectives and results.


Evaluation III

Nurses study the various health problems noted during the assessment stage and set priorities for resolving the problems during the evaluation stage.


Evaluation IV

Atter identifying the high priority issues, nurses set goals and objectives. Goals are documented and broad statements and objectives are recorded as precise statements that indicate the ways to resolve

the issues.


Evaluation V

Home health issues are vicious cycles and nurses need to prepare strategies to break these cycles by identifying appropriate interventions.


Home Health and Hospice

Home health care with its related subspecialty of hospice nursing forms an important part of nursing in public health. It is provided in the familiar surroundings of the family of the client.



The responsibilities of the home health nurses include:

  • Meal preparation
  • Medical treatment
  • And managing with disability


During the course of service, nurses also:

  • Assess the progress of the client
  • Report to the client’s physician
  • Help to alter treatment according to the changing needs of the client

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Nursing 340 – Public Health Nursing 

1. Introduction to Public Health Nursing